|Title||Unlocking the potential for efficiency and demand response through advanced metering|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|LBNL Report Number||LBNL-55673|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Levy, Roger, Karen Herter, and John Wilson|
|Conference Name||2004 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings|
|Conference Location||Pacific Grove, CA|
|Call Number||California Energy Commission|
|Keywords||demand response, demand response and distributed energy resources center, demand response research center, energy efficiency demand response advanced metering, rate programs & tariffs|
Reliance on the standard cumulative kilowatt-hour meter substantially compromises energy efficiency and demand response programs. Without advanced metering, utilities cannot support time-differentiated rates or collect the detailed customer usage information necessary to (1) educate the customer to the economic value of efficiency and demand response options, or (2) distribute load management incentives proportional to customer contribution. These deficiencies prevent the customer feedback mechanisms that would otherwise encourage economically sound demand-side investments and behaviors. Thus, the inability to collect or properly price electricity usage handicaps the success of almost all efficiency and demand response options.
Historically, implementation of the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) necessary for the successful efficiency and demand response programs has been prevented by inadequate cost-benefit analyses. A recent California effort has produced an expanded cost-effectiveness methodology for AMI that introduces previously excluded benefits. In addition to utility-centric costs and benefits, the new model includes qualitative and quantitative costs and benefits that accrue to both customers and society.