A comparative energy analysis of three electrochromic glazing technologies in commercial and residential buildings

TitleA comparative energy analysis of three electrochromic glazing technologies in commercial and residential buildings
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDeForest, Nicholas, Arman Shehabi, Stephen E. Selkowitz, and Delia J. Milliron
JournalApplied Energy
Volume192
Pagination95 - 109
Date Published04/2017
ISSN03062619
KeywordsDynamic windows, Electrochromic glazings, energy savings, NIR switching, Solar heat gain, Visible light switching
Abstract

This paper presents a simulation study of three dynamic electrochromic window glazings, including a novel glazing capable of independently modulating its optical properties in both the visible and near-infrared spectrums. This capability allows this so-called “dual-band” technology to actively manage the solar heat and visible light transmitted into a building’s interior, and creates the potential for heating, cooling, and lighting savings vis-à-vis competing window technologies. In this study EnergyPlus is used to simulate annual energy performance of the dual-band electrochromic (DBEC) glazing in three building types and 16 U.S. climate regions. The savings potential of DBEC windows are presented relative to a conventional electrochromic glazing; a visibly transparent, near-infrared switching electrochromic glazings; and several static alternatives, including ASHRAE 90-2010 standard compliant windows.

Results indicate that the DBEC glazings are capable of outperforming alternatives in a diverse set of locations and building types, including both heating and cooling-dominated regions. Relative to code-compliant static windows, the DBEC is capable of achieving annual primary energy savings between 6 and 30 kW h/ft2 of window area from reduced heating, cooling, and lighting demand. Relative to other advanced glazings, the savings are significantly lower, ranging from 0 to 1.2 kW h/ft2. Regional DBEC energy cost savings versus high performance static windows are presented to identify early potential market entries based on energy savings. Finally, the impacts of widespread deployment of high-efficiency LED lighting on DBEC energy savings potentials are also presented.

DOI10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.007
Short TitleApplied Energy
DOI10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.007