The Role of Biomass Based Cogeneration: Case of an Italian Province

June 23, 2009 - 12:30pm

The aim of this work is to analyze and compare different energy development scenarios providing a strategic assessment of possible measures for the local energy planners of an Italian province of half a million people. The analyis is conducted using a bottom-up optimization model (MarkAl Standard) incorporated in the Province of Pavia MarkAl Model (PPMM), which has the following features: (i) representation of the whole energy system; (ii) detailed modeling of the residential sector (final energy requirements and technologies); (iii) detailed modeling of the electricity supply sector; (iv) detailed modeling of the biofuels production sub-sector. The model provides tools for an integrated analysis of the system, focusing both on the achievement of the EU 20-20 targets and on the role of cogeneration from local and imported biomass. The study reported assesses the feasibility local biomass use for non industrial customers. The analysis is performed from the policy maker's standpoint. The results will look at (i) the economic conditions making new technologies more competitive; (ii) the role of decentralized power generation; and (iii) the sustainability of using endogenous or imported biomass. The residential sector has been analyzed in terms of costs and energy saving potential, with an emphasis on the impact/role of a White Certificates scheme and the free riders effect. The results focus on the impact of partial achievement of two of the EU commitments for the year 2020: a 20% share of electricity (for non-industrial use) from renewables and a 20% reduction in the residential electricity consumptions. The impact of alternative technologies and the role of public commitment is highlighted in terms of effective policies that could drive both technological competition and the real estate market to achieve an optimal configuration of the energy system by means of subsidies for renewables (solar, biofuels, …) and for more efficient end-use technologies. Giuseppe Muliere graduated in nuclear physics in 2003 from the University of Pavia (Department of Nuclear and Theoretical Physics) with a thesis on the environmental and economic problems of energy production and consumption. From 2004 to 2005 he was involved in a research project at Department of Nuclear and Theoretical Physics focused on local energy planning. Since 2005, he has worked as an environmental specialist in the Province of Pavia government. Currently he is a Ph.D. student in his the third year at the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Pavia. He takes part in the Energy Management Laboratory and his research work focuses on models for local energy/environmental planning. He is currently working on PPMM in support of local policy makers addressing energy/environmental matters. For more information about this seminar, please contact: Galen Barbose(510) 495-2593

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