Energy Crossroads

Energy Crossroads:
U.S. Federal Government Resources

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Whatever you want or need from the U.S. government, it's here on You'll find a rich treasure of online information, services and resources. You can search millions of web pages from federal and state governments, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories. Most of these pages are not available on commercial websites. has the most comprehensive search of government anywhere on the Internet.

DOE National Laboratories Working on Energy Efficiency

Argonne National Laboratory, located just outside of Chicago, is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's largest national laboratories for scientific and engineering research. Our over 1,250 scientists and engineers aim to solve the nation's most important challenges in energy, the environment and national security.

One of ten national laboratories overseen and primarily funded by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Brookhaven National Laboratory conducts research in the physical, biomedical, and environmental sciences, as well as in energy technologies and national security. Brookhaven Lab also builds and operates major scientific facilities available to university, industry and government researchers. Brookhaven is operated and managed for DOE’s Office of Science by Brookhaven Science Associates, a limited-liability company founded by Stony Brook University, the largest academic user of Laboratory facilities, and Battelle, a nonprofit, applied science and technology organization.

In operation since 1949, the Idaho National Laboratory is a science-based, applied engineering national laboratory dedicated to supporting the U.S. Department of Energy's missions in nuclear and energy research, science, and national defense. Our mission is to ensure the nation's energy security with safe, competitive, and sustainable energy systems and unique national and homeland security capabilities.

Founded in 1931, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) holds the distinction of being the oldest of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Laboratories, and is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy through its Office of Science. It is managed by the University of California (UC) and is charged with conducting unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Located on a 200-acre site in the hills above the UC Berkeley campus that offers spectacular views of the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab employs approximately 4,200 scientists, engineers, support staff and students.

Located in Livermore, California, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was established in 1952 at the height of the Cold War to meet urgent national security needs by advancing nuclear weapons science and technology. Its mission continues to be one of strengthening the United States’ security through development and application of world-class science and technology to enhance the nation’s defense; reduce the global threat from terrorism and weapons of mass destruction; and to respond with vision, quality, integrity and technical excellence to scientific issues of national importance.

Established in 1943, and located in northern New Mexico, the Los Alamos National Laboratory's original mission was to create the first atomic bomb. Today scientists from from different fields of study unite to make Los Alamos one of the world's premiere research institutions, in the fields of energy, defense, computing, and basic sciences.

NETL is unique among DOE national laboratories in both its mission and its approach to achieving that mission. First, the Laboratory is federally owned and operated, a departure from the contractor-operated model that is the norm within the DOE laboratory system. Second, NETL devotes the majority of its funding to R&D partnerships with industry, university, and other government entities – work that is augmented by onsite research in the areas of computational and basic sciences, energy system dynamics, geological and environmental systems, and materials science. More than 1,100 employees work at NETL's five sites; roughly half are Federal employees and half are site support contractors.

Established inn 1977, and focusing on the challenges of a clean-energy future, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the only national laboratory solely dedicated to advancing renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies from concept to commercial application. NREL's 327-acre main campus in Golden, Colorado, is a living model of sustainable energy. The laboratory also operates the National Wind Technology Center on 305 acres located 13 miles north of its main campus.

Located in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to the Spallation Neutron Source and the High Flux Isotope Reactor. These Office of Science user facilities are two of the most advanced neutron science research facilities in the world. These facilities are operated and managed by the Neutron Sciences Directorate, an organization of about 600 staff. Funding is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

At Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), our mission is to transform the world through courageous discovery and innovation. Located in Richland, Washington, PNNL is one among ten U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories managed by DOE's Office of Science. Our research strengthens the U.S. foundation for innovation, and we help find solutions for not only DOE, but for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the National Nuclear Security Administration, other government agencies, universities and industry.

Sandia began in 1945 as Z Division, the ordnance design, testing, and assembly arm of Los Alamos National Laboratory. It became Sandia Laboratory in 1948 and, in 1949, Sandia Corporation was established as a Western Electric company to manage the laboratory. A second site was opened in California's Livermore Valley in 1956. More than two decades later, in 1979, Congress made Sandia a Department of Energy national laboratory. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration.

EERE's Offices and Programs

EERE's Biomass Program develops technology for conversion of biomass (plant-derived material) to valuable fuels, chemicals, materials and power, so as to reduce dependence on foreign oil and foster growth of biorefineries.

EERE's Building Technologies Program works to improve the energy efficiency of our nation's buildings through innovative new technologies and better building practices.

EERE's Distributed Energy Program develops advanced, on-site, small-scale, modular energy conversion and delivery systems for industrial, commercial, residential, and utility applications. These activities are organized under two main thrusts: Distributed Generation Technology Development, and Integrated Energy Systems.

By promoting energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy resources at federal sites, EERE's Federal Energy Management Program helps agencies save energy, save taxpayer dollars, and demonstrate leadership with responsible, cleaner energy choices.

EERE's Geothermal Technologies Program works in partnership with U.S. industry to establish geothermal energy as an economically competitive contributor to the U.S. energy supply.

Hydrogen and fuel cells have the potential to solve several major challenges facing America today: dependence on petroleum imports, poor air quality, and greenhouse gas emissions. EERE's Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies Program is working with partners to accelerate the development and successful market introduction of these technologies.

EERE's Industrial Technologies Program partners with U.S. industry to improve industrial energy efficiency and environmental performance. The program's primary role is to invest in high-risk, high-value research and development that will reduce industrial energy requirements while stimulating economic productivity and growth.

EERE's Solar Energy Technologies Program leads the effort to research, develop, and deploy cost-effective technologies toward growing the use of solar energy throughout our nation and the world. We work closely with national laboratories, universities, industry, professional associations, and other programs at the Department of Energy and with federal, state, and local agencies across the nation.

EERE's Vehicle Technologies Program professionals work with industry leaders to develop and deploy advanced transportation technologies that could achieve significant improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency and displace oil with other fuels that ultimately can be domestically produced in a clean and cost-competitive manner. Program activities include research, development, demonstration, testing, technology validation, technology transfer, and education.

Through its numerous programs, EERE's Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program delivers targeted solutions designed to increase energy efficiency in buildings, transportation, industry, and communities by providing information and technical and financial resources. It also facilitates the development and commercialization of innovative energy-efficient technologies and fosters the development and adoption of building energy codes at the state level.

EERE's Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program is leading the Nation's efforts to improve wind energy technology so that it can generate competitive electricity in areas with lower wind resources, and to develop new, cost-effective, advanced hydropower technologies that will have enhanced environmental performance and greater energy efficiencies.

Other Government Resources

HUD's Energy web site describes HUD energy initiatives, policies and how federal government-wide energy policies affect HUD programs and assistance.

ENERGY STAR is a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy created to promote energy-efficient products to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. ENERGY STAR provides a trustworthy label on over 60 product categories (and thousands of models) for the home and office. These products deliver the same or better performance as comparable models while using less energy and saving money. ENERGY STAR also provides easy-to-use home and building assessment tools so that homeowners and building managers can start down the path to greater efficiency and cost savings.

HUD’s mission is to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality affordable homes for all. HUD is working to strengthen the housing market to bolster the economy and protect consumers; meet the need for quality affordable rental homes: utilize housing as a platform for improving quality of life; build inclusive and sustainable communities free from discrimination; and transform the way HUD does business.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. Visit this website to learn about the issues, and the laws and regulations pertaining to them.

Western Area Power Administration markets and delivers reliable, renewable, cost-based hydroelectric power and related services within a 15-state region ( ) of the central and western U.S. We're one of four power marketing administrations ( ) within the U.S. Department of Energy ( ) whose role is to market and transmit electricity from multi-use water projects. Our transmission system carries electricity from 56 power plants operated by the Bureau of Reclamation ( ), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ( ) and the International Boundary and Water Commission, and one coal-fired plant. Together, these plants have an installed capacity of 10,505 megawatts.

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

EIA offers official energy statistics from the U.S. Government in formats of your choice, by geography, by fuel, by sector, or by price; or by specific subject areas like process, environment, forecasts, or analysis. This website also contains discussions of energy efficiency issues such as definitions, measurement, and the connection of energy to greenhouse gas emissions.

The Portal is an online tool that links available DOE innovations to the entrepreneurs who can successfully license and commercialize them.

This website is an aid to consumers considering the purchase of a new vehicle. Listed here are estimates of gas mileage (MPG), greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution ratings, and safety information for most new and used cars and trucks for past and current year models. These estimates are provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in compliance with federal law. By using this guide consumers can estimate the average yearly fuel cost for almost any automobile.

EERE's mission is to pursue a better energy future where energy is clean, abundant, reliable, and affordable; strengthening energy security and enhancing energy choices for all Americans while protecting the environment. EERE's programs conduct activities in partnership with the private sector, state and local government, DOE national laboratories, and universities. In July 2002, EERE reorganized to strengthen its focus on programs and these partnerships, and is now organized around these 11 energy programs: Biomass, Building Technologies, Distributed Energy, Federal Energy Management, FreedomCAR and Vehicle Infrastructure Technologies, Geothermal Technologies, Hydrogen/Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies, Industrial Technologies, Solar Energy Technologies, Wind and Hydropower Technologies, and the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program. Also included at this site is an "Energy Information Portal", a gateway to hundreds of websites and thousands of online documents on energy efficiency and renewable energy.