This research area focuses on how vehicle technology and driving behavior affect emissions of urban air pollutants, and how vehicle technology, land-use patterns, and travel behavior affect transportation energy use and emissions of greenhouse gases.
Global transportation energy demand is expected to grow by 100 EJ (~100 Quad) by 2050. Emerging economies such as China, India and Indonesia will be responsible for a substantial part of this growth in the future and have an opportunity to leapfrog to a clean transportation future. Transportation research projects focus on developing various tools and modeling, analysis and design capacities to address the growing and complex needs of transportation systems with conventional, hybrid-electric and pure electric vehicles. This research is based in the Division's International Energy Studies Group.