Microgrids and Heterogeneous Power Quality and Reliability

TitleMicrogrids and Heterogeneous Power Quality and Reliability
Publication TypeReport
LBNL Report NumberLBNL-777E
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsMarnay, Chris
Date Published07/2008
Keywordscombined heat and power (chp), dispersed storage and generation, power quality, power system economics

This paper describes two stylized alternative visions of how the power system might evolve to meet future requirements for the high quality electricity service that modern digital economies demand, a supergrids paradigm and a dispersed paradigm. Some of the economics of the dispersed vision are explored, and perspectives are presented on both the choice of homogeneous universal power quality upstream in the electricity supply chain and on the extremely heterogeneous requirements of end-use loads. It is argued that meeting the demanding requirements of sensitive loads by local provision of high quality power may be more cost effective than increasing the quality of universal homogeneous supply upstream in the legacy grid. Finally, the potential role of microgrids in delivering heterogeneous power quality is demonstrated by reference to two ongoing microgrid tests in the U.S. and Japan.

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