Evaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs for appliances and equipment

TitleEvaluation of China's local enforcement of energy efficiency standards and labeling programs for appliances and equipment
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsKhanna, Nina, Nan Zhou, David Fridley, and Cecilia Fino-Chen
JournalEnergy Policy
Date Published10/2013
KeywordsAppliance standards and labeling, compliance, energy efficiency, Low Emission & Efficient Buildings and Equipment
Abstract

Aims

This paper aims to evaluate local enforcement of China's mandatory appliance and equipment energy efficiency standards and labeling programs, two increasingly important policies for meeting national energy and carbon reduction targets. The expected energy savings of efficiency standards and labels can be fully realized only with strong enforcement to ensure compliance for all products sold. This paper provides comprehensive retrospective evaluation of the methodologies, results, progress and remaining challenges in pilot enforcement projects initiated in the absence of consistent national check-testing focused on energy efficiency.

Scope

This paper's scope is focused on 2006–2009 pilot local check-tests conducted to verify appliance and equipment compliance with China's mandatory energy label and efficiency standards.

Conclusions

This paper finds both improvement and some backsliding in compliance rates over time. Compared to earlier efforts, 2009 check-tests covered a wider regional and product scope but demonstrated greater variation in compliance rates. Labeling display and energy efficiency compliance was generally high across regions and most products, but lower compliance rates were observed in less economically developed regions and for lighting and industrial products. Based on these findings, areas for improvement in local awareness, product sampling methodology, check-testing tools and procedures are identified.

URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513009592
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.09.035