Advanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

TitleAdvanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings
Publication TypeConference Paper
LBNL Report NumberLBNL-59337
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsKiliccote, Sila, Mary Ann Piette, and David Hansen
Conference NameSecond Carnegie Mellon Conference in Electric Power Systems: Monitoring, Sensing, Software and Its Valuation for the Changing Electric Power Industry
Date Published01/2006
Conference LocationPittsburgh, PA
Abstract

Commercial buildings account for a large portion of summer peak demand. Research results show that there is significant potential to reduce peak demand in commercial buildings through advanced control technologies and strategies. However, a better understanding of commercial buildings contribution to peak demand and the use of energy management and control systems is required to develop this demand response resource to its full potential. This paper discusses recent research results and new opportunities for advanced building control systems to provide demand response (DR) to improve electricity markets and reduce electric grid problems. The main focus of this paper is the role of new and existing control systems for HVAC and lighting in commercial buildings. A demand-side management framework from building operations perspective with three main features: daily energy efficiency, daily peak load management and event driven, dynamic demand response is presented. A general description of DR, its benefits, and nationwide potential in commercial buildings is outlined. Case studies involving energy management and control systems and DR savings opportunities are presented. The paper also describes results from three years of research in California to automate DR in buildings. Case study results and research on advanced buildings systems in New York are also presented.

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