A Carbon Monoxide Passive Sampler: Research and Development Needs

TitleA Carbon Monoxide Passive Sampler: Research and Development Needs
Publication TypeReport
LBNL Report NumberLBL-26880
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsTraynor, Gregory W., Michael G. Apte, Richard C. Diamond, and Alicia L. Woods
Date Published11/1991
PublisherLawrence Berkeley Laboratory
CityBerkeley
Other NumbersUC-600
Abstract

In rare instances, carbon monoxide (CO) levels in houses can reach dangerously high concentrations, causing adverse health effects ranging from mild headaches to, under extreme conditions, death. Hundreds of fatal accidental carbon monoxide poisonings occur each year primarily due to the indoor operation of motor vehicles, the indoor use of charcoal for cooking, the operation of malfunctioning vented and unvented combustion appliances, and the misuse of combustion appliances. Because there is a lack of simple, inexpensive, and accurate field sampling instrumentation, it is difficult for gas utilities and researchers to conduct field research studies designed to quantify the concentrations of CO in residences. Determining the concentration of CO in residences is the first step towards identifying the high risk appliances and high-CO environments which pose health risks. Thus, there exists an urgent need to develop and field-validate a CO-quantifying technique suitable for affordable field research. A CO passive sampler, if developed, could fulfill these requirements. Existing CO monitoring techniques are discussed as well as three potential CO-detection methods for use in a CO passive sampler. Laboratory and field research needed for the development and validation of an effective and cost-efficient CO passive sampler are also discussed.

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