|Title||Reprint of "Studies of local degradation phenomena in composite cathodes for lithium-ion batteries"|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Kerlau, Marie, Marek Marcinek, Venkat Srinivasan, and Robert Kostecki|
|Secondary Title||Electrochimica Acta|
|Keywords||cathode, degradation, li-ion battery, raman microscopy|
LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 and LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 composite cathodes were cycled in model cells to study interfacial phenomena that could lead to electrode degradation. Ex situ spectroscopic analysis of the tested cathodes, which suffered substantial power and capacity loss, showed that the state of charge (SOC) of oxide particles on the cathode surface was highly non-uniform despite the deep discharge of the Li-ion cell at the end of the test. The inconsistent kinetic behavior of individual oxide particles was attributed to the degradation of electronic pathways within the composite cathodes. A simple theoretical model based on a distributed network showed that an increase of the contact resistance between composite electrode particles may be responsible for non-uniform local kinetic behavior of individual oxide particles and the overall degradation of electrochemical performance of composite electrodes.
0013-4686doi: DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2007.10.009