|Title||Use of Simulation in the Design of a Large Naturally Ventilated Office Building|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|LBNL Report Number||LBNL-56011|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||Haves, Philip, Paul F. Linden, and Guilherme Carrilho da Graça|
|Secondary Title||Building Services Engineering Research & Technology|
The design for the new Federal Building for San Francisco includes an office tower that is to be naturally ventilated. The EnergyPlus thermal simulation program was used to evaluate different ventilation strategies for space cooling and rationalize the design of the façade. The strategies include ventilation driven by different combinations of wind, internal stack and external stack. The simulation results indicate that wind-driven ventilation can maintain adequate comfort even during hot periods. Computational fluid dynamics was used to study the airflow and temperature distribution in the occupied spaces arising from different combinations of window openings and outside conditions and thereby inform both the design of the windows and the control strategy.