|Title||CA ISO Voltage Security Assessment (VSA) Functional Specification Prototype Development|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Eto, Joseph H., Manu Parashar, Bernard C. Lesieutre, and Nancy J. Lewis|
|Keywords||consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), energy analysis and environmental impacts department|
Research and develop a voltage security assessment (VSA) prototype to monitor system voltage conditions and provide real time dispatchers with reliability information related to reactive margin, abnormal nodal voltages, weak elements and contingency rankings.