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Research Highlights

Exterior of Agenda 21 Energy-Efficient Office Building

Agenda 21 Energy-Efficient Office Building Now Open

Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) scientist Joe Huang recently visited the Agenda 21 Energy-Efficient office building in Beijing, China that he and other scientists helped to design. The building was officially dedicated in January when U.S Department of Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham paid a visit.

The new building houses the Technology Development Office of China's Ministry of Science and Technology and has become a showpiece of Chinese energy- efficient buildings, receiving much publicity and media attention since it opened.

Interior of Agenda 21 Energy-Efficient Office Building

Huang was involved with the design of the building as early as 1999 when he performed a feasibility study for the lighting system, which has both occupancy and daylight sensors. Also incorporated into the design were custom-made light shelves, which he had recommended.

During the dedication, Secretary Abraham lauded the building as a demonstration of how the U.S. and China can work together to promote clean energy solutions.


Scientist Recognized for Advancing Wind Energy Markets

Ryan Wiser

In late March, at its first worldwide event, the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) recognized a diverse group of business leaders, advocates, and policymakers as the most influential voices in the development of the wind power industry. Among those recognized with a special achievement award was Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) scientist Ryan Wiser. Wiser, of the Energy Analysis Department's Energy Policy Analysis Group, was honored for "excellence in research, analysis, and clear documentation of renewable energy policy and market drivers." Wiser has published a strong body of work related to wind and other renewable energy sources, including noteworthy research on renewable energy policy and economics.

"The breadth and scope of the wind industry's impact on the U.S. and, indeed, the global economy is reflected in this year's distinguished award winners," said AWEA Executive Director Randall Swisher. "The success in developing America's growing wind energy market is due in large part to the leadership of these organizations and individuals who demonstrate their commitment to renewable energy every day in their actions."

Wiser says, "I greatly appreciate this award from the AWEA. Wind power is on the cusp of greater market penetration in the U.S. and worldwide, and I have valued being a part of this process. I'd like to thank AWEA for this distinction, as well as my stellar staff for helping me achieve the award."


Jonathan Koomey

EETD Scientist Receives Fellowship

Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) Staff Scientist Jonathan Koomey, now a visiting professor with a joint appointment in the Engineering and Earth Sciences departments at Stanford University, is one of 20 recipients of an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellowship for 2004.

Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellowships offer scientists intensive communications and leadership training to help them convey scientific information effectively to non-scientific audiences, especially policymakers, the media, business leaders, and the public. Fellows are selected through a competitive application process and must have outstanding scientific qualifications, demonstrated leadership ability, and a strong interest in communicating science to audiences outside the traditional academic arena.

The program is named for Aldo Leopold, a renowned environmental scientist who communicated his knowledge simply and eloquently. His writings, including his 1949 book, A Sand County Almanac, are credited with infusing the emerging conservation movement with good science and a stewardship ethic.

Jon Koomey comments, "I'm excited to be a Leopold Leadership Fellow for 2004. This award will help me hone my skills in explaining complex technical issues to policymakers and the public."


EETD Scientist Publishes Important Dosimetry Treatise

Lev Ruzer

An important book on the effects of exposure to aerosols has been co-authored by Lev Ruzer, a visiting scientist in EETD. Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects will be published by CRC Press in October of this year. The handbook is a collaborative effort of some 30 researchers, among them EETD researchers Lara Gundel, Richard Sextro, Phillip Price, and Michael Apte.

Ruzer studied particle deposition in the lungs of uranium miners when he worked in Tadjikistan, which was then a part of the Soviet Union. That body of work was not published but is incorporated and updated in this upcoming volume. Additional studies with aerosols in outdoor and indoor exposures, industrial situations, pharmaceuticals, and bioaerosols have been included. Important overlooked areas, according to Ruzer, are dosimetry methods and the health effects of aerosol deposition. Dosimetry methods for uranium miners were first developed by Ruzer during the 1970s. He characterized that work as "the most difficult project of my professional life because of the secrecy which surrounded the research. Now many will be able to understand how deposition takes place."


Recognition for Efforts to Protect Buildings from Chemical and Biological Weapon Attacks

Left to right, front row: Rengie Chan, Buvana Jayaraman, Sondra Jarvis; center, Michael Sohn, Elizabeth Finlayson, Tracy Thatcher, Woody Delp; rear, Sheng-Chieh Chang, Rich Sextro, Phillip Price, David Lorenzetti, Ashok Gadgil.

Left to right, front row: Rengie Chan, Buvana Jayaraman, Sondra Jarvis; center, Michael Sohn, Elizabeth Finlayson, Tracy Thatcher, Woody Delp; rear, Sheng-Chieh Chang, Rich Sextro, Phillip Price, David Lorenzetti, Ashok Gadgil.

A team from EETD has won a Federal Lab Consortium (FLC) Award for Excellence in Technology Transfer in 2004.

The winning entry is "Minimizing Casualties from a Chem/Bio Attack: Preparation, Training, and Response Resources."

The team members includes the following from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab: Ashok Gadgil, Phil Price, Tracy Thatcher, Michael Sohn, David Lorenzetti, Rengie Chan, Emily Wood, Woody Delp, Sondra Jarvis, Richard Sextro, Elizabeth Finlayson, Buvana Jayaraman, Sheng-chieh Chang, and Seungbae Hong. Other members of the team include William Nazaroff of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley; Gayle Sugiyama, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; and Susanna Gordon and Donna Edwards of Sandia National Laboratories, Systems Research Department.

In late 2001, terrorists used anthrax to kill several people, disrupt mail deliveries, and render congressional office buildings in Washington D.C. uninhabitable. The buildings were eventually reoccupied at a cost of more than $150 million and after enormous disruption to their occupants. These relatively limited attacks had huge consequences; a major chemical or biological attack could be much more severe.

Even before the anthrax releases, scientists in EETD's Indoor Environment Department had been conducting research on reducing the effects of a chemical or biological attack. This research builds on a long tradition of work on building airflows, filtration effectiveness, and air quality issues.The attacks prompted scientists to ask, "Is there anything we can contribute right now?"

The answer was "yes." They identified several target groups that could benefit from increased knowledge, including building operators, who are responsible for the maintenance, and operation of building ventilation systems; managers of unique, high-value buildings such as airports; emergency planners and incident commanders who have to decide what areas of a city to evacuate and where to send response teams; and "first responders," the firefighters and police officers who are the first trained people on the scene of an attack.

An example of materials available to train first responders in the event of a chemical or biological attack on a building.

Securebuildings.lbl.gov provides materials to train first responders in the event of a chemical or biological attack on a building.

The EETD team developed advice for each of these groups through the Secure Buildings website, which has had thousands of visitors since early 2002. EETD researchers worked with colleagues at Sandia National Laboratories to make recommendations to airport managers on preparation, training, and event response. They also worked with the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to predict indoor toxic concentrations from a Bhopal-type accidental chemical release, an important addition to the suite of outdoor prediction tools already available, because in industrialized nations people spend the majority of their time indoors.

Finally, the team created First Responder training materials for the California Peace Officers Standards and Training Agency, which has used the materials to train police officers in much of the U.S.

These efforts have improved the readiness and safety of the nation's police officers, the security of the nation's buildings and their inhabitants, the effectiveness of local emergency response, and the safety of the U.S. air transportation network.

For more information, see http://securebuildings.lbl.gov


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