US national science policy since World War II has been guided in large part by Vannevar Bush's well known report: "Science, the endless frontier" which surmised that basic scientific research preceded technological advances and perpetuated a linear model of innovation.
In this talk I will trace the origins of the hard case of several Nobel Prizes in Physics and show that the causal direction of scientific discovery and radical invention are often reversed. They often arose in a culture of so called "applications oriented research" in industrial laboratories and will use those examples to enumerate the key ingredients of highly successful R&D institutions. My views have been shaped by my own personal experiences in industrial research, U.S National Laboratories and research intensive universities. I will discuss the need for institutions which transcend the "basic-applied dichotomy" and which bring research across domains into deeper congress. The need for new integrative institutions to address global challenges such as climate change and alternative energy sources will be discussed.
For information about this lecture please visit this EETD Distinguished Lecture Series website.