Sofia will give an introduction to European research being done in three different areas 1) behavior and visualization, 2) smart grids and 3) low energy houses.
Behavior and visualization: As buildings and processes become more efficient, behavior will be increasingly important for energy use. Visualization can be used to improve awareness of energy use and contribute to behavioral changes. New technology for visualization and social contexts can motivate energy efficiency. Such concepts are implemented in an ongoing project in offices at SP, where the users contribute to the concept development through their expertise. The goal is to develop tools that enable control and understanding of energy use in the workplace, and motivate the target group to save energy. Three different visualizations tools are tested in our office; an computer app, a super-graph that is installed in our cafeteria and a touch screen available for our visitors to explore.
Smart grids: The challenges that we face in the energy field mean that we must not only increase the proportion of renewable energy, but that we must also use it more efficiently. SP researches, develops and evaluates new technology for batteries, solar electricity and wind power, in addition to working on metering for storage, transmission and intermittency of future smart grids. The trend towards smart grids and Demand Side Management offers exciting business opportunities for companies in areas such as IT, control technology, energy storage, power technology, and not least for the energy companies.
Low energy houses: SP currently runs a demonstration project on low energy houses. Two pre-fabricated low energy wooden framed dwellings have been built for research purposes. One building is assembled in a new attractive residential area and will be used as a normal house by a family, but with more metering installed. The second building of the same kind is assembled at SP main research facility in Borås and used as a full-scale test lab for energy efficient technologies and construction details, with artificial user behavior loads. Different HVAC equipment performance will be tested and evaluated, as well as impact of different user behaviors and construction details. The building will in parallel be used for smart grid research and as a showcase for journalist and visitors.