As research on energy conservation increasingly turns to studying how humans use energy and energy-saving devices, energy researchers need to understand how to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects.. This presentation, from the Chair of the LBNL Human Subjects Committee, will outline how to recognize human subjects research and the expectations of University, state and federal funding and oversight agencies with regard to the protection of human subjects. Experimental design for human subjects research must incorporate protections including recruitment without even the appearance of coercion, documenting informed consent when required, minimizing risks (including social risks such as embarrassment), maintaining participants’ privacy, and mitigating unexpected and adverse experimental effects. Failure to follow these steps can result in serious consequences, including forfeiture of funding, shutdown of research, and inability to publish results in peer-reviewed journals. Avoiding these consequences is not difficult, and Dr. Lichty will outline the services offered at the Lab that help researchers meet requirements for protecting human subjects in research.