In Ghana, woodfuels (fuelwood and charcoal) account for about 80% of the country's total annual energy consumption, with imported petroleum and electricity making up the balance of 14% and 6%, respectively. The household sector is the largest energy consumer in the country, with most of the consumption made up woodfuels for cooking, plus modest amounts of electricity, kerosene and LPG for lighting and cooking. Woodfuels are expected to remain a preponderant share of total energy use in the short to medium term, regardless of substitution by oil products or electricity. Notwithstanding the significance of woodfuels in the energy sector of Ghana, the data on the current and future consumption levels and patterns at the national level have been very approximate. Unlike commercial fuels where the demand is reliably estimated from supply data, woodfuels (particularly fuelwood) are either collected free of charge from family or community farms or traded in "unofficial" markets. In this study, a national survey of households has been conducted to cover various categories of households to determine their basic energy demand for cooking, which is used to make more reliable projections in the future demand of woodfuels in Ghana.