From the Lab to the Marketplace Ten Years Later, Energy Efficient Technologies from Research at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab logo (left) with six rows of gray dots transitioning to a line art drawing of a cityscape and residential houses.

References

General

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. From the Lab to the Marketplace: Making America's Buildings More Energy-Efficient. PUB-758, Revised March 1995.

National Research Council. Energy Research at DOE: Was It Worth It? National Academy Press, Washington D.C., 2001.

Lighting

Ballasts

Verderber, R.R. Electronic High Frequency Fluorescent Ballasts (Past, Present and Future). Energy Cost Avoidance in Education Buildings Conference, LBL-28792, 1990.

Verderber, R.R. Fluorescent Lamp Fixtures and Ballasts. EPRI Lighting and Utility Seminar, 1984.

Verderber, R.R. and O. Morse. Performance of Electronic Ballasts and Other New Lighting Equipment (Phase II: The 34-Watt F40 Rapid Start T-12 Fluorescent Lamp). LBL-24873, 1988.

Verderber, R.R. and O. Morse. Performance of Electronic Ballasts and Other New Lighting Equipment. LBL-20119, 1985.

Verderber, R.R., O. Morse and F.M. Rubinstein. Life of Fluorescent Lamps Operated at High Frequencies with Solid-State Ballasts. Annual IEEE-IAS Conference, 1985.

Torchieres

Page, E., E. Mills, and M. Siminovitch. New Energy Efficient Torchieres Ready for Hot Torchiere Market Energy Efficiency in Household Appliances. LBL-41176, 1997.

Page, E. and M. Siminovitch. Photometric Assessment of Energy Efficient Torchieres. Right Light 4, 4th European Conference on Energy-Efficient Lighting, LBNL-40507, 1997.

Siminovitch, M., L. Marr, J. Mitchell, and E. Page. Energy Efficient Alternatives to Halogen Torchieres. LBNL-40243, 1997.

Siminovitch, M., E. Page, and D. Driscoll. Energy Efficient Torchieres: From the Laboratory to the Marketplace. ACEEE 1998 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, LBNL-41648, 1998.

Windows

Apte, J. and D. Arasteh. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock. LBNL-60146, 2006.

Arasteh, D. "Advances in Window Technology: 1973-1993". Book chapter in Advances in Solar Energy, An Annual Review of Research and Development. Vol. 9., American Solar Energy Society, Inc., Boulder, CO. 1995.

Arasteh, D., S.E. Selkowitz, J. Apte, and M. LaFrance. Zero Energy Windows. Proceedings of the 2006 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 13-18, 2006, Pacific Grove, CA. 2006.

Carmody, J., S.E. Selkowitz, and L. Heschong. Residential Windows: a guide to new technologies and energy performance. W.W. Norton, New York, N.Y. 1996.

Lee, E.S., S.E. Selkowitz, et al. Advancement of Electrochromic Windows. California Energy Commission/PIER: PIER# 500-01-023, 2006.

Lee, E.S., M. Yazdanian, et al. The Energy-Savings Potential of Electrochromic Windows in the U.S. Commercial Buildings Sector. LBNL-54966, 2004.

National Fenestration Rating Council. Behind the Glass, A History of the NFRC By the People Who Lived It. Silver Spring, MD. Undated brochure. [PDF]

National Fenestration Rating Council. Database of Certified Products. Silver Spring, MD. 2004.

Tools for Building Designers

Buhl, F.W., R.B. Curtis, S.D. Gates, J.J. Hirsch, M. Lokmanhekim, S.P. Jaeger, A.H. Rosenfeld, F.C. Winkelmann, B.D. Hunn, M.A. Roschke, H.D. Ross, and G.S. Leighton. DOE-2: A New State-of-the-Art Computer Program for Energy Utilization Analysis of Buildings. Proc. Second International CIB Symposium on Energy Conservation in the Built Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark, May. LBL-8974, 1979.

Crawley D.B., et al. EnergyPlus: An Update. Proc. SimBuild 2004, Building Sustainability and Performance Through Simulation, Boulder, CO, USA, August 4-6, 2004. LBNL-55518, 2004.

Strand R.K., et al. EnergyPlus: A New-Generation Energy Analysis and Load Calculation Engine for Building Design. Proc. Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture Technology Conference, Cambridge, MA, July. LBNL-48367, 2000.

UV Waterworks

Gadgil, A.J. "Drinking Water in the Developing Countries." Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, Vol. 23, 1998, pp. 253-286

Harm, W. "Biological Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation," International Union of Pure and Applied Biophysics, Biophysics series. Cambridge University Press, 1980.

USAID. Lessons Learned in Water, Sanitation and Health. The Water and Sanitation for Health (WASH) Project of USAID' Office of Health, Bureau for Research and Development, Washington D.C. 20523, 1993.

Wolfe, R.L. "Ultraviolet Disinfection of Potable Water." Env. Sci. & Technology, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1990, pp. 768-773.

Ultraclean Low-Swirl Combustion

Cheng, R.K., D. Littlejohn, W. Nazeer, and K.O. Smith. Laboratory Studies of the Flow Field Characteristics of Low-swirl Injectors for Adaptation to Fuel Flexible Turbines. Proceedings of GT 2006, Paper GT2006-90878, 2006.

Cheng, R.K., D.T. Yegian, M.M. Miyasato, G.S. Samuelsen, C.E. Benson, R. Pellizzari, and P. Loftus. "Scaling and Development of Low-Swirl Burners for Low-Emission Furnaces and Boilers." Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 28, 2000, pp. 1305-1313.

Johnson, M.R., D. Littlejohn, W.A. Nazeer, K.O. Smith, and R.K. Cheng. "A Comparison of the Flowfields and Emissions of High-Swirl Injectors and Low-Swirl Injectors for Lean Premixed Gas Turbines." Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 30, 2005, pp. 2867-2874.

Littlejohn, D. and R.K. Cheng. Fuel Effects on a Low-Swirl Injector for Lean Premixed Gas Turbines. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 31, 2007, pp. 3155-3162.

Littlejohn, D., M.J. Majeski, S. Tonse, C. Castaldini, and R.K. Cheng. "Laboratory Investigation of an Ultralow NOx Premixed Combustion Concept for Industrial Boilers." Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 29, 2002, pp. 1115-1121.

Nazeer, W., K.O. Smith, P. Shepherd, and R.K. Cheng, and D. Littlejohn. Full Scale Testing of a Low Swirl Fuel Injector Concept for Ultra-Low NOx Gas Turbine Combustion Systems. Proceedings of GT 2006, Paper GT2006-90150, 2006.

Aerosol Duct Sealing

Carrié, F.R., R. Levinson, T.T. Xu, D.J. Dickerhoff, W.J. Fisk, J. McWilliams, M.D. Modera, and D. Wang. Laboratory and Field Testing of an Aerosol-Based Duct-Sealing Technology for Large Commercial Buildings. ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 108, No. I, 2002, pp. 316-326.

Carrié, F.R. and M.P. Modera. "Particle Deposition in a Two-Dimensional Slot from a Transverse Stream." Aerosol Science and Technology, Vol. 28, No. 3, 1998, pp. 235-246.

Carrié, F.R. and M.P. Modera. Reducing the Permeability of Residential Duct Systems. Presented at the 16th AIVC Conference, Palm Springs, CA, September 1995.

Jump, D.A., I.S. Walker and M.P. Modera. Field Measurements of Efficiency and Duct Retrofit Effectiveness in Residential Forced-Air Distribution Systems. Proceedings of ACEEE Summer Study, Pacific Grove, CA, LBL-38537, August 1996.

Modera, M.P. Particle Deposition in a Two-Dimensional Slot from a Transverse Stream. Presented at the 12th Annual Meeting, American Association for Aerosol Research, Oak Brook, Illinois. LBL-34829, October 1993.

Modera, M.P., D.J. Dickerhoff, O. Nilssen, H. Duquette, and J. Geyselaers. Residential Field Testing of an Aerosol-Based Technology for Sealing Ductwork. Proceedings of ACEEE Summer Study, Pacific Grove, CA, LBL-38554, August 1996.

Modera, M.P., D.J. Dickerhoff and D. Wang. Field Testing of Aerosol-Based Sealing Technology. LBL-39521, 1996.

Cool Materials

Akbari, H., and A. Desjarlais. "Cooling Down the House: Residential Roofing Products Soon Will Boast "Cool" Surfaces." Professional Roofing, March 2005, pp. 32-38.

Akbari, H., R. Levinson, and P. Berdahl. "Review of Residential Roofing Materials, Part I: A Review of Methods for the Manufacture of Residential Roofing Materials." Western Roofing Insulation and Siding, Jan/Feb 2005, pp. 54-57.

Akbari, H., R. Levinson, and P. Berdahl. "Review of Residential Roofing Materials, Part II: A Review of Methods for the Manufacture of Residential Roofing Materials." Western Roofing Insulation and Siding, Mar/Apr 2005, pp. 52-58.

Akbari, H., C. Wray, T. Xu, and R. Levinson. Inclusion of Solar Reflectance and Thermal Emittance Prescriptive Requirements for Steep-Sloped Nonresidential Roofs in Title 24. Draft report presented at the California Energy Commission workshop on 2008 Building Energy Efficiency Standards, Sacramento, CA, May 19, 2006.

Akbari, H., C. Wray, T. Xu, and R. Levinson, Inclusion of Solar Reflectance and Thermal Emittance Prescriptive Requirements for Residential Roofs in Title 24. Draft report presented at the California Energy Commission workshop on 2008 Building Energy Efficiency Standards, Sacramento, CA, May 19, 2006.

Levinson, R., P. Berdahl, and H. Akbari. Solar Spectral Properties of Pigments, or How to Design a Cool Nonwhite Coating. Presented at Cool Roofing—Cutting Through the Glare, Atlanta, GA, May 12, 2005.

Miller W., et al. Special Infrared Reflective Pigments Make Dark Roofs Reflect Almost Like White Roofs. Presented at Performance of Exterior Envelopes of Whole Buildings IX, Clearwater Beach, FL, Dec. 9, 2004.

Berkeley Hood

Bell, G. ASHRAE 110 Tracer Gas Containment Test: Prototype Berkeley hood; Final Configuration. LBID-2457, October 2001.

Bell, G. and P. Matthes. The Berkeley Hood: An Operational Envelope Study — 2002. LBID-2491, December 2004.

Bell, G.C., E. Mills, D. Sartor, D. Avery, M. Siminovitch, and M.A. Piette. A Design Guide for Energy-Efficient Research Laboratories. LBNL-PUB-777, September 1996. Revised September 20, 2001.

Bell, G. and D. Sartor. ASHRAE 110 Tracer Gas Containment Report — SDSU: Berkeley Hood; Labconco Prototype, Alpha Version-Rev. 2. LBID-2456, July 2002.

Bell, G. and D. Sartor. ASHRAE 110 Tracer Gas Containment Report — UCSF: Berkeley Hood; Labconco Prototype, Alpha Version. LBID-2458, November 2001.

Bell, G. and D. Sartor. Side-by-side Fume Hood Testing: ASHRAE 110 Containment Report. LBID-2560, October 2004.

Bell, G. and D. Sartor. Side-by-side Fume Hood Testing: Human-as-Mannequin Report. LBID-2561, October 2004.

Bell, G., D. Sartor, and E. Mills. The Berkeley Hood: Development and Commercialization of an Innovative High-Performance Laboratory Fume Hood; A Progress and Research Status: 1995 - 2003. LBNL-48983 (rev.), 2003.

Bell, G., D. Sartor, and E. Mills. High Performance Fume Hood Field Test at The University of California, San Francisco. LBID-2396, September 2001.

Mills, E., G. Bell, D. Sartor, A. Chen, D. Avery, M. Siminovitch, S. Greenberg, G. Marton, A. de Almeida, and L. E. Lock. Energy Efficiency in California Laboratory-Type Facilities. Prepared for the California Institute for Energy Efficiency. LBNL-39061, 1996.

Mills, E. and D. Sartor. "Energy Use and Savings Potential for Laboratory Fume Hoods." Energy, Vol. 30, 2005, pp. 1859-1864. LBNL-55400.

Appliance Standards

McMahon, J.E. New Analysis Techniques for Estimating Impacts of Federal Appliance Efficiency Standards. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting, Vol. II, October 1-3, 2003, pp. 927-934. LBNL-52945, 2004.

McMahon, J.E., P. Chan, and S. Chaitkin. Impacts of U.S. Appliance Standards to Date. Conference Paper, 2nd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Household Appliances and Lighting, Vol. 108, Issue 13, September 27-29, 2000. LBNL-45825, 2000.

CLASP

Wiel, S. and J.E. McMahon. Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting — 2nd Edition. LBNL-45387 — 2nd Edition, 2005.

Energy Efficiency in China

Lin, J., N. Zhou, M.D. Levine, and D. Fridley. Achieving China's Target for Energy Intensity Reduction in 2010: An Exploration of Recent Trends and Possible Future Scenarios. LBNL-61800, December 2006.

Sinton, J.E. (ed.), D.G. Fridley, J.I. Lewis, Y. Chen, J. Lin, and N. Zhou. China Energy Databook, sixth revised edition (CD-ROM). LBNL-53856, June 2004.

Sinton, J.E, R.E. Stern, N.T. Aden, and M.D. Levine; with T.J. Dillavou, D.G. Fridley, J. Huang, J.I. Lewis, J. Lin, A.T. McKane, L.K. Price, R.H. Wiser, N. Zhou and J. Ku. Evaluation of China's Energy Strategy Options. LBNL-56609, May 2005.