Electrochemical Energy Storage Technologies and the Automotive Industry: Drivers, Needs, and Recent Research Results
Monday, November 9, 2009, Noon
Building 66 Auditorium
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
The first portion of the lecture will relate global energy challenges to trends in personal transportation. Following this introduction, a short overview of technology associated with lithium ion batteries for traction applications will be provided. Last, I shall present new research results that enable adaptive characterization of lithium ion cells. Experimental and modeling results help to clarify the underlying electrochemistry and system performance. Specifically, through chemical modification of the electrodes, it is possible to place markers within the electrodes that signal the state of charge of a battery through abrupt voltage changes during cell operation, thereby allowing full utilization of the battery in applications. In closing, I shall highlight some promising materials research efforts that are expected to lead to substantially improved battery technology.
- Director, Chemical Sciences and Materials Systems Lab
General Motors Research & Development Center
Mark Verbrugge started his GM career in 1986 with the GM Research Labs after receiving his doctorate in Chemical Engineering from the College of Chemistry at the University of California (Berkeley). In 1996, Mark was awarded a Sloan Fellowship to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he received an MBA. Mark returned from MIT in 1997 to join GM's Advanced Technology Vehicles (ATV) as Chief Engineer for Energy Management Systems. In 2002, Mark rejoined the GM Research Labs as Director of the Materials and Processes Lab, which maintains global research programs ranging from chemistry, physics, and materials science to the development of structural subsystems and energy storage devices. In 2009, the Lab was expanded and renamed Chemical Sciences and Materials Systems Laboratory. Mark has published and patented in topic areas associated with electroanalytical methods, polymer electrolytes, advanced batteries and supercapacitors, fuel cells, high-temperature air-to-fuel-ratio sensors, surface coatings, compound semiconductors, and various manufacturing processes related to automotive applications of structural materials.
Mark is a Board Member of the United States Automotive Materials Partnership LLC and the United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC, an adjunct professor for the Department of Physics, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada, and he serves as the GM Technical Director for HRL Laboratories LLC, jointly owned by GM and Boeing.
Mark's research efforts resulted in his receiving the Norman Hackerman Young Author Award (1990) and the Energy Technology Award (1993) from the Electrochemical Society as well as GM internal awards including the John M. Campbell Award (1992), the Charles L. McCuen Award (2003), and the Boss Kettering Award (2007). Mark received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the United States Council for Automotive Research in 2006 and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2009.