Materials for Better Li-based Storage Systems
for a "Green Energy Society"
Monday, July 13, 2009, Noon
Building 66 Auditorium
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Li-ion batteries are strongly considered for powering the upcoming generations of HEVs and PHEVs, but there are still the issues of safety and costs in terms of materials resources and abundances, synthesis, and recycling processes. Notions of materials having minimum footprint in nature, made via eco-efficient processes, must be integrated in our new research towards the next generation of sustainable and "greener" Li-ion batteries.
This lecture will discuss Eco-efficient synthesis via hydrothermal/solvothermal processes using latent bases as well as structure directing templates or other bio-related approaches of LiFePO4 nanopowders. We will take a fresh look at the promising organic electrodes that are biodegradable, resource-abundant, and can be synthesized via "Green Chemistry" from natural organic sources. Results of research on sequentially Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) electrodes and Li-based organic electrodes (LixCyOz) electrodes will also be reported and discussed.
Professor Jean-Marie Tarascon
- Professor and Lab Director,
Laboratoire de Réactivité et Chimie des Solides,
Université de Picardie Jules Verne CNRS Amiens, France
Jean-Marie Tarascon is presently professor at the University of Picardie (Amiens), but most of his career was spent in the USA, first at Cornell University (1980), then at Bell Laboratories, and finally at Bellcore until 1994. His field of research is in the development of new techniques for the synthesis of new electronic materials (superconductors, ferroelectrics, fluoride glasses and rechargeable batteries materials) for new solid state electronic devices, and for relating crystal structure to electronic, optical, and magnetic properties.
He has made outstanding contributions in the field of superconductivity and was the original proponent of the thin and flexible plastic lithium ion battery based on a strong and highly resistant hybrid polymer system that is presently commercialized. Currently, as the head of the Institute of Chemistry of Picardie and coordinator of the European Research Institute for battery research (ALISTORE-ERI), he is exploiting new Li reactivity concepts such as conversion or displacement reactions, and novel electrodes designs for the next generation of Li-ion batteries based on nano-electrodes/electrolyte components.
He is the author of about 60 patents and more than 450 publications, as well as the recipient of many awards, the most recent of which are the Volta Medal, the 2004 "ISI AWARD," nomination to the French Academy of Sciences in 2005, and the UPJV gold medalist in 2008.